Hypothyroidism Treatment in Columbia, MD
What is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid does not make enough of the most important thyroid hormones, called triiodothyronine (T-3) and thyroxine (T-4).
What are the Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?
Some more common symptoms of hypothyroidism include the following:
- Weight gain
- Muscle weakness or stiffness
- Dry or cold skin
- Heavy or irregular menstrual periods
- Elevated blood cholesterol level
- Slowed heart rate
- Low sex drive
- Joint pain
- Cold extremities
What Causes Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism may be the result of a number of conditions including autoimmune disease, pregnancy, and iodine deficiency. Hypothyroidism may also occur after menopause, but is often not severe enough for medical intervention (subclinical).
What are the Risks of Untreated Hypothyroidism?
If left untreated, hypothyroidism can lead to myxedema, a condition that causes tissues to swell, increases fluid around the lungs and heart, and slows down muscle reflexes. A myxedema coma may cause you to lose consciousness, experience trouble breathing, and can potentially lead to heart failure. Hypothyroidism can also cause mental health issues like depression and slowed mental functioning.
How is Hypothyroidism Treated?
Hypothyroidism is usually treated with thyroid hormone medicine. Most symptoms of hypothyroidism start to improve a short time after you begin treatment. All symptoms related to hypothyroidism usually disappear within a few months.
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