Hyperthyroidism Treatment in Ellicott City, MD
What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid makes too much of the thyroid hormone, called thyroxine. Your thyroid controls your metabolism, and hyperthyroidism can speed up your metabolism to above-normal levels.
What are the Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism?
Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Rapid weight loss
- Excessive sweating
- High blood pressure
- A rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Eye sensitivity
What Causes Hyperthyroidism?
Graves' disease causes most cases of hyperthyroidism. Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that leads to overactivity of the thyroid, which results in releasing too much of the thyroxine hormone (T-4). Hyperthyroidism may run in the family.
What are the Risks of Untreated Hyperthyroidism?
If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can lead to heart problems, brittle bones, eye problems, and a condition called thyroid storm in which the heart rate is increased to dangerously high levels.
How is Hyperthyroidism Treated?
Depending on the patient's severity of the hyperthyroidism condition, it can be treated in several ways.
Supplementing your diet with calcium and vitamin D.
Hyperthyroidism may result in thinning of the bones, so it's important to discuss with your doctor how much calcium you need to prevent osteoporosis.
Caffeine can quicken your heart rate, so avoid consuming caffeine if you are experiencing a rapid heartbeat.
Taking anti-thyroid medication.
These medications reduce symptoms related to hyperthyroidism by preventing your thyroid from producing excess amounts of hormones. Some patients take anti-thyroid medication for as long as a year.
Consuming radioactive iodine.
Radioactive iodine is absorbed by your thyroid gland, causing it to shrink. This treatment may cause thyroid activity to slow down significantly, leading to hypothyroidism. If this is the case, you might need to take medication to replace the thyroxine hormone.
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